Revenko Y. M., Salnikov V. A.

Title of the article Comparative Analysis of Verbal and Non-Verbal Mental Activity Components Regarding the Young People with Different Intellectual Levels
Authors Revenko Y. M., Salnikov V. A.
Year 2013 Issue №2 Pages  
Type of article   Index UDK   Index BBK  

The paper maintains that for developing the educational programs and technologies adequate to the different stages of students’ growth and maturity, there is a need for exploring the natural determinants of intellectual development as well as the students’ individual qualities affecting the cognition process.

The authors investigate the differences of the intellect manifestations with the reference to the gender principle, and analyze the correlations between verbal and non-verbal components in boys and girls’ mental activity depending on their general intellect potential. The research, carried out in Siberian State Automobile Road Academy and focused on the first year students, demonstrates the absence of gender differences in students’ general intellect levels; though, there are some other conformities: the male students of different intellectual levels show the same correlation coefficient of verbal and non-verbal intellect while the female ones have the same correlation only at the high intellect level.

In conclusion, the authors emphasize the need for the integral approach to raising students’ mental abilities considering the close interrelation between the verbal and non-verbal component development. The teaching materials should stimulate different mental qualities by differentiating the educational process to develop students’ individual abilities.

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Index terms general intelligence, verbal intelligence, non-verbal intelligence, correlation, gender differences.

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